Glossary of Internet Terms

Below is an alphabetic list of the most common Internet terms you will come across,

  • ActiveX - makes interactive web pages that look and behave like computer programs, rather than static pages.
  • Browser - this is the program that allows you to surf the web such as Internet Explorer. For more info Internet Browsers.
  • Chat Room - exactly as it reads, chat rooms are places where you can talk to other people on the Internet.
  • Cookie - are small files kept in your windows directory to store information about your general preferences at web sites you have visited.
  • Counter - these are used by web sites to record the amount of people who have visited.
  • Domain Name - this is the address of a web site, such as http://www.uk-shop-index.co.uk for UK Shop Index.
  • Download - this is when you transfer a file from the Internet to your computer.
  • Email - stands for Electronic-mail, for more information read What is Email.
  • FTP - stands for File Transfer Protocol, for more information read What is FTP.
  • Gopher - was the most popular way to browse on the Internet before the World Wide Web.
  • HTML - stands for Hypertext Mark-up Language, for more information read What is HTML.
  • http - a protocol that tells computers how to communicate with each other, stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol.
  • Hacker - used to mean someone who was interested in computer programming, now more commonly associated with someone who tries to break into a site through a computers security.
  • Hyperlinks - this is how you get from one place to another on the Internet, for more info Getting about on the Internet.
  • Host - this is where web sites, files and so fourth are stored.
  • ISP - stands for Internet Service Provider, for more information read What are Internet Service Providers (ISP's).
  • Java - are small programs that are embedded in Web pages and run when a user accesses a page or clicks on a certain area of a web site page.
  • Keyword - are words you use in search engines for searching for a particular product, topics etc.
  • Location - usually means the address of a web site or file, such as http://www.uk-shop-index.co.uk for UK Shop Index.
  • Newsgroups - ongoing discussion groups which are also called usenets, for more info read What are Newsgroups.
  • Online - when you are connected to the Internet you are online.
  • Spam - is creating the same web page or email lots of times and sending it to lots of people.
  • Surfing - this is when you are looking around the Internet.
  • URL - stands for Uniform Resource Locator and is the address of a web site, such as http://www.uk-shop-index.co.uk.
  • Upload - is when you use the Internet to send information from your computer to another computer.
  • Virus - just like a virus that attacks the body, a computer virus attacks the internal working of computer hardware and software.
  • WWW - acronym for the World Wide Web.

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